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台湾地区立法院三读通过《再生能源发展条例》

2019年4月12日台湾地区立法院三读通过《再生能源发展条例》部份条文的修正案。

重点摘要如下:

目标上调

明定2025年再生能源推广目标总量达27GW以上

应设置再生能源发展基金

通过绿能趸购费率与自由化市场的切换机制

明定「再生能源发电设备所产生的电能,除依电业法直供、转供、自用及售予再生能源售电业外,应由公用售电业趸购。再生能源电能若改依本条例趸售,或有多余电能依本条例趸售者,适用再生能源发电设备首次提供电能时的公告费率」。

通过「用电大户」条款

用电契约在一定容量以上的电力用户,应共同参与设置再生能源相关设备、储能设备或购买一定额度的再生能源凭证,未依规定办理者,需缴纳代金,专作再生能源发展之用。

PV InfoLink认为

根据上述《再生能源发展条例》修正案所调整的内容,台湾地区再生能源市场未来将从上网电价补贴逐步转向电力自由化交易,拓宽绿电销售管道进而促进当地再生能源产业发展。

修正条文中通过再生能源电能或余电得以适用再生能源发电设备首次提供电能时的公告费率,由此看来,未来的公告费率预计将低于目前的趸购费率才得以发挥政策效果。另外,再生能源凭证和电力自由化交易在台湾还未普及的情况下,该政策方针在市场上预计仍需要一段时间的适应和推广期,短期来看对于光伏需求量的刺激较不明显,当地业者预计仍倾向先以取得上网电价为优先选择。着眼在长期,未来上网电价将持续调降逐步迈向市电同价,届时电力自由化交易的效果与利多将会开始显现。

另一方面,条文中也谈到针对所谓的用电大户要求设置一定装置容量的再生能源设备或需购买一定额度再生能源凭证进而满足政策需求,在此之下,首当其冲的区域可能会是当地工业用售电量较高的新竹市、桃园市、台中市、台南市以及高雄市等地,而未来台湾地区的光伏需求也将可能会从这些地方开始带动。

总而言之,整个政策走向对于台湾地区的再生能源发展为利多消息,相关配合的细则办法预期最晚会在今年10月份出台,然而2020年适逢大选,政策预计会受到2020年后的政治情势所影响,但2020年后现有的政策预期仍旧有部分延续性。

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