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日本即将于2021年终止固定电价收购政策FIT

來源:光伏們

近日,日本经济产业省(下称“经产省”)对外表示,正在商讨终止可再生能源电固定价格收购政策(FIT)。

据了解,FIT从2012年开始执行,旨在扶持日本可再生能源的普及。根据该政策内容,大型电力公司以高额价格收购可再生能源产出的电力,电力使用者支付相应的光伏用电税。

但随着日本光伏发电的迅速普及,消费端,特别是家庭用户从大型电力公司购电所承担的光伏电力税费负担过大,这成为经产省决心调整FIT的原因之一。

目前,日本家庭用光伏发电普及度还不高,用电税费相对较高。经产省预计,包括光伏在内的可再生能源今年的收购总额约3.6兆日元(约合人民币2301.8亿元人民币),转嫁到电费中的税金约2.4兆日元(约合人民币1534.5亿元人民币)。预计普通家庭今年负担的年度税金将达到9204日元(约合人民币588.5元人民币),这一数字是2012年的税金686日元(约合人民币43.9元人民币)的13倍。

也正因为家庭用光伏成本竞争力较弱,而税费相对高昂,经产省表示将保留FIT的相关条款以扶持市场进一步扩大。

另一原因是,日本工商业用光伏项目发展迅猛,其已占光伏电力收购总额的七成。经产省认为,FIT对于新生大规模光伏企业的作用逐渐式弱,不利于企业的独立发展。

事实上,早在今年4月,经产省就已组织日本业内有识之士进行了讨论,希望建立可以平衡日本光伏健康发展和减轻国民用电税费的新政策。

经产省表示,正在考虑在2020年修订光伏竞价新政,并可能在2021年执行新光伏政策。新政有望引入呼声较高的欧洲光伏政策,即固定(溢价)补贴政策(FIP)。该政策的特点是,通过竞标等预先设定标准价格,光伏按照电力市场规则与其他电源无差别竞价上网,同时,政府为光伏提供溢价补贴,光伏上网电价水平为“溢价补贴+电力市场价格”。

此外,新政实施后,新投入运转的大规模光伏发电设备将成为调整对象。

来源:每日新闻、朝日新闻

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