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光伏招标电价创历史新低

来源:光伏们

放眼2019年,国际上的大型光伏招标电价不断刷出新低。

以高电价高质量闻名的日本:

2019年9月,日本第四次太阳能拍卖最低价为9.8美分/KWh. 值得注意的是,此次招标的投标价格虽然低于前几轮,但分配的发电容量却再创新低,最初计划的589.9MW的联合投标,但最终只分配了195.8MW的装机容量,最终平均电价为0.1222美元/KWh。

 以超多招标超大规模闻名的印度: 

在去年的7月,印度的2GW跨邦传输系统并网太阳能项目拍卖中,印度太阳能电价达到最低点2.44印度卢比/kWh(合3.6美分),2019年,印度因为电力公司设定的投标电价上限过低,多次推迟大型项目拍卖。

7月份先后公布的两个1.2GW招标项目,投标电价上限为2.65卢比/千瓦时(约合3.849美分/KWh),目前尚未有确切的中标信息公布。

以超大项目闻名的巴西:

6月27日,巴西举行了最新的A-4可再生能源拍卖。共计211MW的光伏发电项目拿到了1.75美分/KWh的当时历史最低价。

最后是最早实现平价上网的欧洲市场,以葡萄牙为例:

2019年7月31号,葡萄牙的能源部国务秘书João Galamba证实,该国7月光伏招标项目的最低中标价为14.76欧元/ MWh(根据当前汇率计算,合1.644美分/KWh)。这一数字远低于拍卖项目的封顶价45欧元。64家入围厂家最终签署了25个拍卖项目合同,这些厂家是在七月初的预选中确定的。

除了上述代表性国家的拍卖项目,还有美国,墨西哥等一系列大大小小的光伏项目投标,都给出了非常有竞争力和鼓舞人心的电价。

就在过去不久的2017年,当中东和北非地区的第一个光伏拍卖以3美分/KWh落地时,整个光伏行业都为之敬畏,但是仅仅相隔两年后的今天,太阳能行业的投标电价就跌破了2美分/KWh的关口。根据预测,光伏系统成本的下降速度可能比我们预期的速度还要快。如何保证低价的同时又建造出长期稳定和高能量比产出的光伏电站,应该是全球开发商和建造商最应该投入精力的部分。

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